• University of Cambridge
  • Title:Reduction of Urinary Tract Infection by Modification of Foley catheter
  • Time :

Bladder catheterization is one of the most frequent procedures
performed in a hospital, which is utilized in medical conditions such as urinary
retention (rooted in urinary obstruction caused by urinary stones, tumor, urethral
stricture, benign prostatic hyperplasia), Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) and inflammation (cystitis, urethritis, and prostatitis), drugs (anticholinergics and alphaadrenergic agonists), neurological disorders (brain and spinal cord injury,
cerebrovascular accident, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease, and
dementia), neurogenic bladder, and abdominal and pelvic surgeries. Bladder
catheterization may be performed for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
Depending on how long the catheters remain in the bladder, there are short-term
and long-term catheterizations]. The majority of UTIs (70%) are associated with
urinary catheterization. Moreover, more than 97% of patients admitted to the
intensive care units have catheter related UTI .Due to the urine stasis behind the
catheter balloon,the risk of catheter-induced bacterial colonization increases
from 3 to 10% per day to 100% in case of long-term catheterization. There is a
new design of urinary catheter for reduction of urinary tract infection by
modification of current catheter.
Navid faraji has master’s degree of medical surgery in branch of
nursing, he was born in Saqqez, Iran, on 21 september 1993. He graduated with
a bachelor’s degree in nursing on 2016 and a master’s degree on 2020 both in
the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences,
Urmia, Iran. He has been working in the ICU section of Omid Hospital in Urmia,
Iran for three years. He is also preparing nursing Bachelors for a master exam at
a medical science institute. In addition he was ranked 2end in the master
national nursing exam in 2017. He is interested in doing research in the medical
science fields specially in the field of innovation and initiative in treatment and
care methods in different patients. His current goal is to study for a doctorate at
one of the best creditable universities in the world.

  • Amref Health Africa
  • Title:Midwives’ Job Satisfaction and Intention to Leave theirCurrent Position in Developing Regions of Ethiopia
  • Time :

The aim of this research was to analyze midwives’ job satisfaction and intention to leave in
developing regions of Ethiopia.
A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 107 midwives in four developing
regions of Ethiopia. All midwives who were working in 26 health facilities participated in the
study. A structured self-administered questionnaire, and in depth key informant interview guides,
were used to collect data. Job satisfaction was measured by nine dimensions and intention to
leave their current position was measured using three questions.
More than two-thirds (67%) of the midwives were female, with a mean age of 26.1 (sd ± 4.2)
years old. Less than half (45%) of the midwives were satisfied with their job, less than half
(42%) were satisfied with ‘work environment’ and less than half (45%) were satisfied with
‘relationship with management’ and ‘job requirements’. Relatively better satisfaction rates were
reported regarding ‘professional status’, of which more than half (56%) of midwives were
satisfied, followed by more than half (54%) of midwives being satisfied with ‘staff interaction’.
Almost two-fifths (39%) of midwives intended to leave their current position.
Job dissatisfaction and intention to leave rates amongst midwives in developing regions in
Ethiopia are a source of concern. The majority of midwives were most dissatisfied with their
working environment and issues related to payment. Their intention to leave their current position was inversely influenced by job satisfaction. The introduction of both financial and
nonfinancial mechanisms could improve midwives’ job satisfaction, and improve retention rates
within the profession.
Keywords: Midwives; Job satisfaction; Job retention; developing regions Ethiopia
Dr.Yeshitila Hailu is a Chief Public Health Specialist with more than 28 years both clinical &
Public health experiences at various institutions-both governmental and non-governmental
From 1993 to 2003, he worked at various health institutions including health centers, General
hospital and medical centers both at public and private health facilities.
From September 2003 to February 2012, he worked for Red Cross of Ethiopia at various
positions including deputy director of National Blood Bank, Health and Care Program
Department Manager as well as Deputy Secretary General for programs. While working for Red
Cross, he has received quite a number of certificates and awards from different institutions
including IFRC,ICRC,WHO,CDC-Atlanta, UNFPA, AABB, Various Red Cross National
societies, Universities(AAU, Maker ere university, London school of Medicine) up on
completion of short term trainings and making panel presentations in Africa and in the west.
Moreover, He attended quite a number of international meetings, conferences, trainings and
colloquium in Beijing, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Egypt, Italy, Germany, USA, Canada,
Chile, Netherlands, Sweden, and Finland.
After an intensive course in Ontario, corn well town, Canada in 2008, he is one of the heath team
members for the global FACT (Field assessment coordination team) under the IFRC roaster for
any global mission.
He had also received a partial fellowship award of to attend the XXXIst International Congress
of the ISBT, held in Berlin, Germany, June 26 – July 1, 2010, after applying for a Dr. Harold
Gun son Fellowship .He had given and facilitated a number of health related trainings to health
professionals, volunteers, journalists and his own staff.
He was also owner and General Manager of Tarma Ber Health and Social Services consultancy
firm from 2009-2010. Moreover, he was editor in chief

  • Sana’a University
  • Title:First COVID-19 Cases with High Secondary Infection Smong Health Workers, Sana'a Capital, April 2020: Lessons Learned and Future Opportunities
  • Time :

Objectives: Confirm existence of COVID-19 outbreak, conduct contact tracing, and recommend
control measures.
Methods: Two COVID-19 cases in Sana’a Capital were met the WHO case definition. Data were
collected from cases and contacts who were followed for 14 days. Nasopharyngeal swabs were
taken for confirmation by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).
Results: Two confirmed Yemeni male patients aged 20 and 40 years who had no travel history
were admitted to hospital on 24 April 2020. Regarding the first patient, symptoms started on
April 18th, 2020 then improved and discharged on May 5th while the second patient’s symptoms
started on April 22nd but died on April 29th, 2020. Both patients had 54 contacts, 17 (32%) were
health workers (HWs). Four contacts (7%) were confirmed, two of them were HWs that needed
hospitalization. The secondary attack rate (sAR) was 12% among HWs compared to 5% among
other contacts.
Conclusions: First COVID-19 outbreak was confirmed among Yemeni citizens with high sAR
among HWs. Strict infection control among HWs should be ensured. Physical distancing, maskwearing with appropriate disinfecting measures should be promoted especially among contacts.
There is a need to strengthen national capacities to assess, detect, and respond to public health
Keywords: COVID-19; Contact Tracing; Health Workers; Outbreak; Yemen.
Dr. Ehab Fatehi Ahmed Al-Sakkaf, 31 years old, General Physician and Epidemiologist, at Field
Epidemiology Training Program at Ministry of Public Health and Population, Sana’a Yemen.
MBBS and Advance FETP Graduate. Public health and Epidemiology professional with experience and
skills in Applied Epidemiology, health Management, and field supervision and coordination, and training.
Strong expertise in writing of proposal, report and research, and data analytics and statistics. Fluency in
Arabic and very good in English Languages.