Purpose: Students with intellectual, physical, and other disabilities attend special needs schools. Based on the assumption that in the event of a disaster students in a special needs school would not be able to go home, we checked the stockpiles of emergency supplies held in a special needs school.
Methods: We checked stockpiles in a special needs school for students with physical disabilities or health impairments. We further compared the amount of emergency goods with recommendations of researchers.
Results: There were 141 students (from preschool through high school) and 174 teaching staff at the school. The food stocks for children consisted of 550 meals of pregelatinized rice, 100 meals of rice porridge, and approximately 700 meals of pregelatinized rice, cookies, and canned bread for teaching staff. In addition, there were 900 two-liter plastic bottles of drinking water as well as five generators (gasoline or gas cartridge type), eight portable cookstoves, and 48 gas cartridges. There were also spare clothes and disposable diapers for children that had been prepared by their parents as a daily reserve in classrooms, but insufficient for more than one day (which would likely be necessary in a disaster situation). There was only standard everyday medical equipment, such as bag valve masks, pulse oximeters, oxygen cylinders, and sputum aspirators.
Conclusion: In previous disasters, local governments have been able to prepare support for each shelter in around three days. The stocks of food and drinking water were found to be adequate for this period. However, studies have pointed out that shelters should store special foods such as tube-feeding nutrients, diabetic diet foods, and allergy-free food. Even though some of the children at the school need tube-feeding nutrients and allergy-free food, there were no stocks on hand. Moreover, there were no spare clothes for children, medical equipment, batteries, or manual generators. The stockpiles in this school did not consider the needs of the children based on current research. It is recommended that a budget be created, a checklist drawn up of stockpiles that meet the needs of the children enrolled in the school, and measures taken to check these stockpiles periodically.
TAMURA Hiroshi, B.A., M.S.W. Health Sciences Major, Doctoral Course, Division of Nursing Science,
Hiroshima University. When I was in university, I majored in English literature.I studied English poetry, especially “Songs and Sonnets” written by John Donne (1572-1631).I studied School Social Work in my Master’s program. I’m researching the functions of welfare shelters. I have been working in Ehime prefecture for about 18 years as an English teacher in high schools and special needs school.