Access to genetic information has become easier. For residents to use genetic information for early detection and prevention of disease without discrimination and prejudice, knowledge of proper genetics is required. To date, public health nurse education has not kept pace with advances in genetics. The purpose of this study was to provide current public health nurse education for understanding genetics and diversity, and evaluate it.
This was a semi-pilot study involving a single group. There were 23 public health nurses who cooperated. The average years of experience was 11.9 years. A questionnaire was created for the educational goals on the five-point Likert scale. Goals include the following: Cognitive domain: can explain genomic diseases. Affective domain: interested in human genetics.
Psychomotor domain: Residents can respond by using genetic knowledge. Each area has a maximum of 15 points. The case is of “a man who is worried about familial hyperlipidemia at a medical checkup.” The consultation was considered in advance, and was considered again after the lecture. The study has been approved by a relevant ethics committee (approval number E-1776). The composition was evaluated by the ARCS model. A Wilcoxon signed rank test was used. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
The mean before score was 6.3 and the mean after was 9.3 (p <0.001) for the goal of being able to explain genomics disorders. The mean score for the goal of interest in human genetics increased from 8.5 to 11.0 (p <0.001). The score for the goal of being able to respond to the residents using genetic knowledge also increased significantly from 4.4 to 8.1 (p <0.001). The mean of Attention was 4.30 (maximum 5), Relevance was 4.35, Confidence was 3.13, and Satisfaction was 3.91. Conclusion The effects of current public health nurse education on basic knowledge and attitudes about genomics were recognized. In the composition evaluation, participants highly evaluated Attention and Relevance. The state of high lipids is a situation in which a public health nurse provides life guidance during a medical examination. It is believed that the job-related situations experience by public health nurses is a result of using the state of high lipids as teaching materials in genetics. Confidence in composition evaluation was low compared to others. Findings suggested that multiple training sessions were needed to build confidence. Biography
KAWASAKI Hiromi, RN, PHN, MPH, Ph.D.
Professor at Hiroshima University, School and Public Health Nursing.I am in charge of education for public health nurses and school nurses. These occupations support people’s healthy lives.
It provides support for people to gain basic knowledge about genetics and diseases in their daily lives. I am worried that children will have easy access to genetic information.In Japan, animals are applied to the year of birth. I was born in a mouse year.I use it as my symbol instead of a photo. The mouse is on my homepage at the university.