Bladder catheterization is one of the most frequent procedures
performed in a hospital, which is utilized in medical conditions such as urinary
retention (rooted in urinary obstruction caused by urinary stones, tumor, urethral
stricture, benign prostatic hyperplasia), Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) and inflammation (cystitis, urethritis, and prostatitis), drugs (anticholinergics and alphaadrenergic agonists), neurological disorders (brain and spinal cord injury,
cerebrovascular accident, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease, and
dementia), neurogenic bladder, and abdominal and pelvic surgeries. Bladder
catheterization may be performed for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
Depending on how long the catheters remain in the bladder, there are short-term
and long-term catheterizations]. The majority of UTIs (70%) are associated with
urinary catheterization. Moreover, more than 97% of patients admitted to the
intensive care units have catheter related UTI .Due to the urine stasis behind the
catheter balloon,the risk of catheter-induced bacterial colonization increases
from 3 to 10% per day to 100% in case of long-term catheterization. There is a
new design of urinary catheter for reduction of urinary tract infection by
modification of current catheter.
Navid faraji has master’s degree of medical surgery in branch of
nursing, he was born in Saqqez, Iran, on 21 september 1993. He graduated with
a bachelor’s degree in nursing on 2016 and a master’s degree on 2020 both in
the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences,
Urmia, Iran. He has been working in the ICU section of Omid Hospital in Urmia,
Iran for three years. He is also preparing nursing Bachelors for a master exam at
a medical science institute. In addition he was ranked 2end in the master
national nursing exam in 2017. He is interested in doing research in the medical
science fields specially in the field of innovation and initiative in treatment and
care methods in different patients. His current goal is to study for a doctorate at
one of the best creditable universities in the world.