Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major problem for nurses, despite the availability of robust research on preventive health and safety practices. Caregivers, including nurses, continue to be one of the categories of workers affected the most by MSDs, particularly back injuries, due mainly to tasks associated with patient handling. Several researchers agree that the availability of research findings on MSD preventive measures does not in themselves guarantee their application. Many of these researchers underscored the prime need to better disseminate this knowledge and, in particular, the importance of documenting conditions facilitating the appropriation and application of MSD prevention practices evidence when implemented in the real workers’ context.
The main objective of this study is to analyze the application of MSD preventive practices among nurses and to shed light on factors that facilitated or constrained this link between evidence and practice. To attain this objective, we conducted a survey filled out by 399 nurses and the structural equation method was used to analyze the survey data.
The results of the study highlighted the limits of basic training and training in the workplace, and especially their inadequacy to the reality of nursing work. The study also notes the importance of organizational facilitation, including the importance of having evaluation and feedback mechanisms that allow nurses to comply with recommended preventive MSD measures.
Saliha Ziam is a full professor at TELUQ University of Quebec. His research interests focus knowledge transfer in health sector, health assessment tools for decision support and knowledge absorptive capacity strategies. His recent works on knowledge transfer have been published in Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology Journal and Evidence & Policy.